A former Carnegie Mellon University robotics expert will lead Uber Technologies Inc.’s self-driving vehicle effort after its previous head, embroiled in the court fight with Google over autonomous vehicle technology, announced in an email that he wouldn’t be leading that effort anymore.

Eric Meyhofer, who had been working at Uber’s operations in the Strip District since 2015, will now be in charge of its Advanced Technologies Group, according to Business Insider, which broke the story Thursday night.…