Texas has been through this before.
As residents brace for the arrival of Hurricane Harvey and the devastating flooding it’s projected to bring, here’s a look back at some notable storms that have brought havoc to the state in the past.
Estimated deaths: More than 6,000, though accounts vary widely.
The hurricane that struck Galveston remains by far the most deadly in United States history. About 10,000 of the island town’s 30,000 residents failed to evacuate, according to a National Weather Service report.
A storm surge of 15 feet effectively swallowed the island. People fled to high ground in the center of the island, but it “merely delayed the inevitable,” the National Weather Service wrote.
“The wreck of Galveston was brought about by a tempest so terrible that no words can adequately describe its intensity, and by a flood which turned the city into a raging sea,” The New York Times wrote on Sept. 11, 1900. Read the full firsthand account.
1961: Hurricane Carla
Confirmed deaths: 46, according to the National Weather Service.
The death toll was limited by what was, at the time, the largest evacuation in the country’s history, with more than 250,000 people fleeing the coastline. The evacuation spanned from Victoria to Dallas.
The damage was estimated to cost $408 million, or $3.3 billion in current dollars.
“All of this serves as a reminder that though man may reach for the moon there are still natural forces on this earth that he neither understands nor is able to prevent or control,” The Times wrote on Sept. 13, 1961.
1970: Hurricane Celia
Confirmed deaths: 11, according to the National Weather Service.
The storm came ashore north of Corpus Christi and traveled into Texas. High winds of up to 145 miles per hour caused extensive damage.
“Witnesses said every building in town was damaged,” The Times wrote on August 4, 1970.
2005: Hurricane Rita
Confirmed deaths: Seven, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
It caused more than $10 billion in damages, according to the NOAA.
2008: Hurricane Ike
Confirmed deaths: 28, according to the NOAA.
“We are still dealing with Ike every day,” Brian Maxwell, the assistant city manager, told The Times in 2013. “We are trying very, very hard to not just fix things. We want our community to be sustainable should we have another major hit from a hurricane.”
At least 15 people died on the Bolivar Peninsula, just north of Galveston.